Concussion Standard Operating Procedure (SOP):
The following policy and procedure will be used to manage the player with a suspected concussion. A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump or blow to the head.
- Concussions are serious
- Concussions can occur without the loss of consciousness
- Concussions can occur in any sport
- Recognition and management when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death
Recognizing a Possible Concussion
To recognize a concussion, you should watch for the following two (2) things among your athletes:
- A forceful blow to the head or body that results in the rapid movement of the head: -AND-
- Any change in the athlete’s behavior, thinking, physical functioning (see the signs and symptoms of concussions below)
- Coaches are strongly encouraged to download the APP called “PAR” (Concussion Recognition and Response) on your cellular device for the season.
Symptoms Observed by the Coach or Parent
- Dazed look or confusion about what happened.
- Memory difficulties.
- Neck pain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, double vision, blurriness, ringing noise or sensitive to sounds.
- Short attention span. Can’t keep focused.
- Slow reaction time, slurred speech, bodily movements are lagging, fatigue, and slowly answers questions or has difficulty answering questions.
- Abnormal physical and/or mental behavior.
- Coordination skills are behind, ex: balancing, dizziness, clumsiness, reaction time.
Symptoms Reported by Athlete
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Double or Blurry Vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to noise
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
- Concentration or memory problems
- Does not “feel right”
Protocol Action Plan
If an athlete is suspected of sustaining a concussion:
1. Remove the athlete from play. The athletic trainer will Look for signs and symptoms of a concussion if the athlete has experienced a bump or blow to the head, has reported any symptoms documented above or has any change in behavior, thinking or physical functioning. Athletes who are suspected of having a possible concussion must be removed from play. The athletic trainer will be responsible for making the decision on whether or not the athlete needs to be removed from play and further evaluation is necessary
2. Determine if Emergency care is needed. If so call 911 immediately. –
Signs Emergency Care is needed:
- Spine or neck injury
- Behavior patterns change
- Loss of consciousness
-If emergency care is not needed keep athlete out of play and continue to check for concussive symptoms.
3. Complete the SCAT 3 Report (Make Duplicate Copies). Complete the report to the best of your ability and give it to the parent(s), guardian or medical professional caring for the athlete
4. Ensure that the parent(s) or guardian understands that the athlete should be evaluated as soon as possible by an appropriate health care professional. Do not try to judge the severity of the injury yourself.
5. Notify Devon Prep as soon as possible. The Athletic Director will be tracking and following up on every reported concussion. Make sure to give duplicate copy of concussion report to Director or Assistant Director of athletics.
6. Allow the athlete to return to play ONLY WITH WRITTEN permission from a healthcare professional with experience in evaluating for concussions. The athlete cannot return until that written permission is in the hands of the Athletic Director. A repeat concussion that occurs before the brain recovers from the first can slow recovery or increase the likelihood of having long-term problems.
CLICK HERE for the five gradual steps to help safely return an athlete to play.