CLICK HERE to read Devon Prep’s policy and procedure used to manage a player with a suspected concussion. A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump or blow to the head.
What is a Concussion
A concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain which was induced by a traumatic biomechanical force.
Listed below are several commonalities that are present with a concussion:
1.) A concussion may be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere on the body with an “impulsive” force transmitted to the head.
2.) A concussion typically results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously. Symptoms may include amnesia, confusion, disorientation, headache, nausea, uncoordinated hand-eye movements and, in some cases loss of consciousness.
3.) A concussion may result in neuropathological changes, but the acute clinical symptoms largely reflect a functional disturbance rather than structural injury.
4.) A concussion results in a set of clinical syndromes that may or may not involve loss of consciousness. Resolution of the clinical and cognitive symptoms typically follows a sequential course.
5.) A concussion is typically associated with grossly normal structural neuroimaging studies. Every athlete should be evaluated individually and not by following generalities of a grading scale.
6.) Amnesia, not loss of consciousness, may be the main indicator of the severity of a concussion.
7.) Concussions can be cumulative. Research has documented that prior concussions may indeed lower the threshold for subsequent concussion injury and increased symptom severity.
Signs and Symptoms Reported ● Headache or “pressure” in head ● Nausea or vomiting ● Balance problems or dizziness ● Double or blurry vision ● Sensitivity to light ● Sensitivity to noise ● Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy ● Concentration or memory problems ● Confusion ● Does not “feel right” or is “feeling down”
Signs Observed ● Appears dazed or stunned ● Is confused about assignment or position ● Forgets an instruction ● Is unsure of game, score, or opponent ● Moves clumsily ● Answers questions slowly ● Loses consciousness (even briefly) ● Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes ● Can’t recall events prior to hit or fall ● Can’t recall events after hit or fall